Activity of Greenpeace

Дата добавления: 13 Января 2012 в 17:37
Автор: p*************@mail.ru
Тип работы: реферат
Скачать полностью (124.50 Кб)
Работа содержит 1 файл
Скачать  Открыть 

гринпис.docx

  —  128.31 Кб

Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education «Udmurt State University» 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Activity of Greenpeace 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Author: Oksana Shtina, 031 group 
 
 
 

Izhevsk, 2011

Table of contents

  1. History of Greenpeace
  2. Regional offices
  3. National offices
  4. Oil Campaign
  5. Greenpeace in Russia
  6. Criticism 
     

 

    Greenpeace (born Greenpeace - «green world") - an international public environmental organization based in Vancouver (Canada) September 15, 1971 David McTaggart. 
The main purpose of "Greenpeace" - to achieve global environmental issues, including by bringing to the attention of the public and authorities. 
The organization exists only through donations from supporters, and principally does not accept financial assistance from government agencies, political parties or businesses. "Greenpeace" is known for his strident actions aimed at attracting media attention to environmental issues. Testimony - One of the principles of the organization. "Greenpeace" tends to go for an environmental crime and provide people with independent and reliable information.

    Regional offices 
Regional offices combine several states. 
Central and Eastern Europe (Austria, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia) 
Scandinavia (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) 
Mediterranean (Israel, Lebanon, Malta, Turkey) 
Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines) 
Australia and Oceania (Australia, Papua - New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji)

    National offices 
Europe: Belgium, Britain, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Russia, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland 
Asia: India, China, Japan 
Africa: Congo, Senegal, South Africa 
North America: Canada, Mexico, United States of America 
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile 
Australia and Oceania: New Zealand

    Oil Campaign 
Greenpeace activists hold a protest against the use of oil products, as well as their use in the atmosphere a lot of toxic substances. Some radical Greenpeace activists are attempting to penetrate the tankers transporting oil. One of the biggest victories in this campaign grinpisovtsev can be called a failure of the oil platform Brent flooding Spar, Shell UK in 1995, since it contains many toxic substances. Several activists managed to get close to the platform on the raft and chained themselves to it. Violent reaction media and the public led to the conviction of the neighboring states of flooding, a decline of quotations attempts to boycott Shell and the company. Despite this, the British Parliament allowed Shell's this procedure, but the company still decided to cancel the flooding and act as activists and encouraged them: the platform was dismantled in parts on the shore.

    Greenpeace in Russia 
Greenpeace in the Soviet Union came in 1989 with funds from the sale of the album "Greenpeace. Breakthrough »(Greenpeace Breakthrough). As part of its record U2, Eurythmics, REM, INXS, Shadey, Bryan Ferry, and other rock stars. The album was released worldwide circulation of nearly 10 million copies all over the plate in Moscow came vknigu Guinness. During the first hours after the plate has been sold half a million copies. By May 15, 1989 the total number of albums sold reached one million. In July 1989, at a press conference on board Greenpeace "Rainbow Warrior" Alexey Yablokov (then chairman of the Committee on Environmental Protection of the USSR), announced Greenpeace office in the Soviet Union "the first independent organization in the Soviet Union." 
In 2001, opened an office in St. Petersburg. 
Activities: work in Greenpeace called projects. The Russian branch has 10 projects: 
1. Energy Project (for giving up its nuclear energy) 
2. Forest project 
3. Toxics Project (against chemical pollution) 
4. Project to separate waste collection 
5. Volunteer project 
6. The project "World Heritage" 
7. The Baikal project 
8. Genetic project 
9. The project "Ecohouse" 
10. The project "Clean Neva"

    Forest project 
Forestry Program has become one of the first projects of Greenpeace in Russia.Among the areas of the project - work on forest restoration and conservation of the most valuable forest areas, as well as legislative initiatives and legal advice on the use and protection of forests. 
Since 2002, under the "Revive our forests," Greenpeace, along with students involved in the restoration of forests in sparsely regions of Russia. During the existence of the project, it was attended by 252 schools, were planted 186,000 seedlings of pine, oak, alder, elm and maple. In 2004, the project has grown in all-Russia movement "revive our forest," and more than 500 participants (both collective and individual) from 57 regions of Russia.

    Project for the selective waste collection 
Greenpeace Russia supports the implementation of all the cities and towns of selective collection and recycling. Greenpeace succeeded in introducing selective collection of waste in St. Petersburg.

    Other activities 
§ In 2007-2008, Greenpeace conducted a massive campaign on the construction of facilities for the Sochi Olympics. 
§ In September 2008, leaders of the "Greenpeace Russia" and WWF-Russia demonstratively resigned from the Public Council under the RF Rosprirodnadzor, thus expressing its disagreement with the principles and methods of creating the organization. WWF and Greenpeace have been forced to publicly assess the Board established after convinced that other means to ensure the constructive work of the Council will be impossible. 
Greenpeace protested against the material of which is made known iPhone Action 
1997 
§ In 1997, Greenpeace activists for some time occupied the island Rockall. 
Criticism 
Greenpeace is often criticized by some in the scientific community, including individual and professional ecologists, who believe that the activities of Greenpeace brings more harm than good nature. Some of the statements of Greenpeace's genetically-modified foods have been criticized for bias. There is a perception that some stocks have been financed by Greenpeace competitors of the companies against which the organization served. Some also believe that Greenpeace used for political purposes. At the same time, representatives of "Greenpeace" reject these and other similar accusations. On the other hand, some radical ecologists often criticize the "Greenpeace" for being too soft and lack of stock of "direct action". These include, inter alia, a former activist of the "Greenpeace" Paul Watson

Описание работы
Greenpeace (born Greenpeace - «green world") - an international public environmental organization based in Vancouver (Canada) September 15, 1971 David McTaggart.
Содержание
содержание отсутствует